The Quebec construction industry has adopted criteria for hiring workers to which construction companies must conform. The fundamental principle is competency, acquired through training and/or on-the-job experience.
To demonstrate this competency and to work in the construction industry falling under the Act Respecting Labour Relations, Vocational Training, and Workforce Management in the Construction Industry (Act R-20), a worker must hold a competency certificate. There are three categories:
- Journeyman, for people who have demonstrated that they are qualified in one or another of the construction trades;
Apprentice, for people admitted to a trade apprenticeship that lasts, depending on the trade, for 1 to 5 apprenticeship periods of 2,000 hours each;
- Occupation, for people working on construction sites as a labourer or specialized labourer.
The construction industry favours access for graduates. However, if there is a labour shortage, the Commission de la construction du Québec (CCQ) must allow access for non-graduates. In these cases, specific conditions must be met.